Athena was the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. She was the She was the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. Athena was the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom and good counsel, war, the defence of towns, heroic endeavour, weaving, pottery and various other crafts. Athena facts, information and stories from ancient Greek mythology. Learn about the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, Athena. Aesacus Aleuas Amphiaraus Amphilochus Ampyx Anius Asbolus Bakis Branchus Calchas Carnus Carya Cassandra Elatus Ennomus Halitherses Helenus Iamus Idmon Manto Melampus Mopsus Munichus Phineus Polyeidos Polypheides Pythia Sibyl Telemus Theiodamas Theoclymenus Tiresias. In the Trojan war she sided with the more civilised Greeks, though on their return home she visited them with storms, on account of the manner in which the Locrian Ajax had treated Cassandra in her temple. Archived from the original on 24 November Other Greek authors [ who? The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens. Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 8. Athena is a virgin goddess, but she has a son. Her most famous temple, the Parthenonon the Acropolis in Athens takes its name from this title. Amphidromia Animal sacrifice Funeral practices Greek hero cult Hieros gamos Iatromantis Libations Oracles Pharmakos Temples Votive offerings. Snakes for hair and a petrifying gaze ensued. In a late myth, Medusa , unlike her sister Gorgons , came to be viewed by the Greeks of the 5th century as a beautiful mortal that served as priestess in Athena's temple. Evelyn-White Greek epic C7th to 4th B. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and a salt water spring sprang up; this gave them a means of trade and water—Athens at its height was a significant sea power, defeating the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis —but the water was salty and not very good for drinking. Other traditions again relate, that Athena sprang from the head of Zeus in full armour, a statement for which Stesichorus is said to have been the most ancient authority. Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page. Her guiding actions reinforce her role as the "protectress of heroes," or, as mythologian Walter Friedrich Otto dubbed her, the "goddess of nearness," due to her mentoring and motherly probing. Actia Adonia Agrionia Amphidromia Anthesteria Apellai Apaturia Aphrodisia Arrhephoria Ascolia Bendidia Boedromia Brauronia Buphonia Chalceia Diasia Delphinia Dionysia Ecdysia Elaphebolia Gamelia Haloa Heracleia Hermaea Hieromenia Iolaia Kronia Lenaia Lykaia Metageitnia Munichia Oschophoria Pamboeotia Pandia Plynteria Pyanopsia Skira Synoikia Soteria Tauropolia Thargelia Theseia Thesmophoria. The girl whose appearance in arms had revealed her as Minerva [Athene] was protected by two boys who were the comrades in arms of the battle-goddess, Terror [Deimos, Terror] and Metus [Phobos, Fear]; they pranced about with swords unsheathed, and behind her back a flutist played a battle-tune in the Dorian mode. Double-headed eagle Phoenix Drachma Meander. Restoration of the polychrome decoration of the Athena statue from the Aphaea temple at Aegina , c. The temple is known as the Parthenon. Classically, Athena is portrayed wearing a full-length chiton , and sometimes in armor, with her helmet raised high on the forehead to reveal the image of Nike. Alpheus Amphitrite Asclepius Aura Bia Circe Deimos Eileithyia Enyo Eos Eris Harmonia Hebe Hecate Helios Heracles Iris Kratos Leto Metis Momus Morpheus Nemesis Nike Pan Persephone Phantasos Phobos Proteus Scamander Selene Thanatos Thetis Triton Zelus. But it was Phidias who wrought the goddess's image in gold, and he has his name inscribed on the pedestal as the workman of it.